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Moses Makonjio Okello, Ph.D.

Senior Associate (Kenya-based)



B.S. in Wildlife Management,
Moi University (Kenya)

M.S. in Wildlife Resources,
University of Idaho (ID, USA)

Ph.D. in Wildlife Ecology and Management,
University of Alberta (Canada)


  • Wildlife Clubs of Kenya
  • East African Wildlife Society


Prof. Moses M. Okello teaches and does research mainly on wildlife management and ecology, Human – wildlife interactions, resource use and ecotourism. He obtained his B.Sc. degree in Wildlife Management from Moi University (Eldoret, Kenya) in 1990; M.Sc. in Wildlife Resources from the University of Idaho (Moscow, USA) in 1993; and his Ph.D. in Wildlife Management and Ecology from the University of Alberta (Edmonton, Canada) in 1996. He has vast teaching experience, having worked at Moi University (October 1990 - July 1999) as a lecturer, and for the School for Field Studies (SFS) Centre for Wildlife Management Studies (CWMS). He has extensive research experience with a good publication record in wildlife management, resource management and in ecotourism. He has also held several administrative positions at Moi University and SFS – CWMS.


Wildlife conservation and ecology: The ecology and conservation status of African wildlife especially the large mammals. Of particular importance is population dynamics, Habitat relationships and factors that lead to decline or overabundance of large ungulates. Natural resource utilization and sustainability. The use of natural resources (wildlife, wetland products, forest products, water etc and their sustainability. Of particular interest is sustainability issues and relationships with human population increase, land use changes and other activities Effects of landscape and Land use changes to wildlife distribution: Human population is increasing faster than natural environments can contain. This means clearing natural habitats for human settlement as well as cultivation and activities that meets man’s basic needs. This has consequences to traditional migration routes and dispersal areas that wildlife has used in the past. How these human activities and relationships to natural resources, wildlife included posses a great challenge to conservation and to wildlife research. Relationship between tourism (pro – poor tourism, ecotourism and tourism) on wildlife resource and community interactions with wildlife, empowerment and benefit from wildlife – based tourism


Elephant research grant for support of graduate student (John Kioko). 200 – 2002.

United States Fish and Wildlife Service elephant research grant. August 2007. (The amount helped to attract was US$ 52,000 for duration of one year.)

European Union – Government of Kenya funded community development fund. June 2007. Amount Ksh 250,000


1. Okello, M.M., B.E. Wishitemi & A.M. Mwinzi. 2001. Relative importance of conservation areas in Kenya based on diverse tourist attractions. The Journal of Tourism Studies. 12 (1): 39 – 49.

2. Okello, M.M., Wishitemi, B.E.L. and Muhoro, F. 2002. Forage intake rates and foraging efficiency of free ranging common zebra and impala. South African Journal of Wildlife Research 32 (2): 93 – 100

3. Wishitemi, B.E.L. and Okello, M.M. 2003. Application of the Protected Landscape Model in Maasai communally owned lands of southern Kenya. Parks 13(2): 21 – 29. IUCN Gland, Switzerland.

4. Okello, M.M., Seno, S.K., and Wishitemi, B. L. 2003. Maasai community wildlife sanctuaries in Tsavo – Amboseli Ecosystem, Kenya: management partnerships and their conditions for success. Parks 13(1): 7 - 15. IUCN Gland, Switzerland.

5. Okello, M.M. and Kiringe, J.W. 2004. Threats to Biodiversity and the Implications in Protected and adjacent dispersal areas of Kenya. Journal for Sustainable Tourism. 12(1): 55 – 69

6. Jones, B. T., M. M. Okello, & B. E.L. Wishitemi. 2005. Pastoralists, Conservation and Livelihoods in East and Southern Africa: reconciling continuity and change through the protected area approach. Chapter 8. 107 – 117. In J. Brown, N. Mitchell & M. Beresford (eds): The Protected Landscape Approach: Linking Nature, Culture, and Community”. IUCN Gland, Switzerland &Cambridge, UK. 268pp.

7. Okello, M. M. 2005. Land Use Changes and Human - Wildlife Conflicts in the Amboseli Area, Kenya. Human Dimensions of Wildlife 10(1): 19 – 28

8. Kiringe, J. W. and Okello, M. M. 2005. Use and availability of Tree and Shrub resources on Maasai Communal Rangelands near Amboseli, Kenya. African Journal of Range and Forage Science, 22(1): 37 - 46

9. Okello, M. M. 2005. An assessment of the large mammal component of the proposed wildlife sanctuary site in Maasai Kuku Group Ranch near Amboseli, Kenya. South African Journal of Wildlife Research 35 (1): 63-76

10. Okello, M. M., B.E.L. Wishitemi, and B. Lagat. 2005. Tourism Potential and achievement of Protected Areas in Kenya: Criteria and Prioritization. Tourism Analysis 10 (2):151 – 164

11. Okello, M. M. 2005. A Survey of Tourist Expectations and Economic Potential for a Proposed Wildlife Sanctuary in a Maasai Group Ranch near Amboseli, Kenya. Journal of Sustainable Tourism 13(6): 566 – 589

12. Kioko, J., Okello, M. & Muruthi, P. 2006. Elephant numbers and distribution in the Tsavo – Amboseli Ecosytem, South – Western Kenya. Pachyderm 40: 61 – 68

13. Okello, M.M. & B.E, Wishitemi. 2006. Principles for the Establishment of Community Wildlife Sanctuaries for Ecotourism: Lessons from Maasai Group Ranches, Kenya. African Journal of Business & Economics 1(1): 90 – 109

14. Wato, Y. A., Wahungu, G.M. & Okello, M. M. 2006. Correlates of wildlife snaring patterns in Tsavo West National Park, Kenya Biological Conservation 132(4): 500 – 509

15. Kiringe, J.W. & Okello, M. M. 2007. Threats and their relative severity to wildlife protected areas of Kenya. Applied Ecology and Environmental Research. 5(2): 49 - 62

16. Kiringe, J.W., Okello, M.M. & Ekajul, S.W. 2007. Managers’ perceptions of threats to the protected areas of Kenya: prioritization for effective management. Oryx 41(3): 1 – 8

17. Okello, M.M., S.G. Manka & D.E. D’Amour. 2008. The Relative Importance of Large Mammal Species for Tourism in Amboseli National Park, Kenya. Tourism Management 29 (4): 751 - 760.

18. Okello, M.M., D.E. D’Amour & S.G. Manka. 2008. Tourism Attractions and Satisfaction of Amboseli National Park, Kenya Tourism Analysis 13: 373 - 386

19. Okello, M.M. & D’Amour, D. 2008 Agricultural Expansion Within Kimana Electric Fences and Implications For Natural Resource Conservation Around Amboseli National Park, Kenya. Journal of Arid environments 72:2179 - 2192

20. Okello, M. M., Seno, S.K. & Nthiga, R. W. 2009. Reconciling peoples’ livelihoods and environmental conservation in the rural landscapes in Kenya: Opportunities and challenges in the Amboseli landscapes. Accepted for publication. Natural Resources Forum 33: 123 - 133.

21. Okello, M.M. 2009. Contraction of Wildlife Dispersal Area and Displacement by Human Activities in Kimana Group Ranch near Amboseli National Park, Kenya. The Open Conservation Biology Journal 3: 49 – 56.

22. Okello, M. M., & Yerian, S. 2009. Tourist satisfaction in relation to attractions, and implications for conservation in the protected areas of the Northern Circuit, Tanzania. Accepted for publication. Accepted for publication. Journal of Sustainable Tourism 17 (5): 605 – 625

23. Okello, M.M. & Grasty, K. 2009. The role of large mammals and protected areas to tourism satisfaction in the Northern Circuit, Tanzania. Tourism Analysis 14: 691 - 697

24. Okello, M.M. 2010. Contraction of Wildlife Dispersal Area and Displacement by Human Activities in Olgulului – Ololorashi Group Ranch Around Amboseli National Park, Kenya. The Open Conservation Biology Journal 4: 34 – 45.

25. Okello, M.M. 2010. Community Opinions on Wildlife, Resource Use and Livelihood Competition in Kimana Group Ranch near Amboseli, Kenya. The Open Conservation Biology Journal 4 : 34 – 45.